Care of the Professional Voice
The laryngeal exam is captured either on video or digitally and provides a legal documentation of vocal health. This information becomes particularly useful if an injury is ever sustained during a professional contract (worker's compensation). It is also wise to know the health of one's vocal folds (including voice use/technique) if using the voice professionally or avocationally.
If you are experiencing voice difficulties, this evaluation is imperative to your vocal career.
Voice Center Personnel
An otolaryngologist is a medical physician who specializes in the care of the ear, nose and throat. An otolaryngologist who has expertise in the care of the voice is called a laryngologist.
A speech-language pathologist is a state-licensed practitioner who has earned a master's degree and is experienced in treating communication disorders. Speech-language pathologists may serve general populations, or they may choose to specialize. Those with special training in the care of the voice are called vocologists.
A voice educator also may join the otolaryngologist and speech-language pathologist. As the name implies, voice educators are instrumental in teaching patients about singing and speaking skills and healthful voice production.
What is Videostroboscopy?
The strobe light allows an averaging of the vocal fold cycles so the naked eye can visualize vibration and tissue health.
A comprehensive examination includes two different endoscopes, a flexible fiberoptic laryngoscope and a rigid telescopic laryngoscope. The flexible scope is inserted into the nose and allows visualization of the vocal folds from above without any restriction of voice use or articulation. This scope gives the clinician information about vocal fold function in a dynamic sense; s/he can watch you whistle, speak and sing. The rigid scope is placed in your mouth (about to the back of your tongue) and has a light source and considerable magnification to allow greater detail of the vocal fold tissue health.
Most clients tolerate these procedures very well. However, if a person experiences discomfort or a feeling of gagging, a mild anesthetic - similar to those used for dental work - may be sprayed in the nostril and back of the throat.
Voice Assessment and Treatment
If there is a change in the laryngeal mechanism from an illness, reflux, or an injury, often compensatory behaviors develop that get in the way of easy, relaxed and optimally healthy phonation. Voice therapy from a speech pathologist specializing in the care of the professional voice is helpful in addressing any kind of laryngeal pathology, weakness, excessive muscle tension or general technical issues that may interfere with optimal voice use.
In some cases, surgery to improve the voice - or phonosurgery - may be recommended. Many phonosurgeries can be completed on an outpatient basis and are usually accompanied by sessions of voice therapy.
The success of treatment depends on a number of factors, including the motivation of the client. Generally, singers are eager to do what they can to ensure long and healthy careers.
Also relevant is the type and extent of a voice disorder. Quite simply, some disorders respond better to current treatment methods than others.
The overall health of the singer also may be important.
Finally, the skill of the clinicians treating the singer is critical. Not all speech-language pathologists and otolaryngologists are experienced in working with the singing voice. It is well worth a singer's time and energy to obtain referrals, interview prospective care-givers, and perhaps travel some distance to work with a skilled voice team.
Written by Kate Emerich, BM, MS, CCC-SLP, and Julie Ostrem, BS, MBA